Welcome the People's Volunteer Army
Welcome the People's Volunteer Army (1951)
Vintage original Chinese Propaganda poster. Printed in Tianjin, China, 1951.
The (Chinese) People's Volunteer Army was the armed forces deployed by the People's Republic of China during the Korean War. Although all units in the Chinese Peopleâ€™s Volunteer Army belonged to the People's Liberation Army
(the official name of the Chinese armed forces), the People's Volunteer
Army was separately constituted in order to prevent an official war
with the United States.
In April 1950, Stalin gave Kim permission to invade the South under the
condition that Mao would agree to send reinforcements if they became
needed. Stalin made it clear that Soviet forces would not directly
engage in combat, to avoid a direct war with the Americans.
Kim met with Mao in May 1950. Mao was concerned that the Americans
would intervene but agreed to support the North Korean invasion. China
desperately needed the economic and military aid promised by the
1 October 1950, the day that UN troops crossed the 38th parallel, was also the first anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China. On that day the Soviet ambassador forwarded a telegram from Stalin to Mao and Zhou requesting that China send five to six divisions into Korea, and Kim Il-sung sent frantic appeals to Mao for Chinese military intervention. On 8 October 1950, Mao Zedong redesignated the PLA North East Frontier Force as the Chinese People's Volunteer Army (PVA). The initial units in the CPVA included 250,000 men, and eventually about 3 million Chinese civilian and military personnel served in Korea by July 1953.